How is a T-shirt Made?

Clothing is one of man’s basic needs. T-shirts first emerged as undergarments for military men. However, its role has become broader. Now, it is known as a versatile, durable garment that may be worn daily. It comes in a variety of sizes, patterns, styles, and colors. T-shirts can reflect a person’s taste, interest, and affiliation with the customized designs printed on shirts.

Over time, t-shirts have progressed into a two-billion-dollar market. Businesses are making use of the garment to promote their brand. In several occasions, it is being given in events as souvenirs. But how exactly are t-shirts made?

The Process of Making a T-Shirt

The process of making a t-shirt is fairly easy and largely automated. There are machines specifically made for the cutting, assembling, and stitching a t-shirt. Then, there are also special tools and equipment to Design a T-shirt.

There are several steps to follow in making a t-shirt. These steps include the following:
  • Identifying the T-Shirt Style


The first step in making a t-shirt is identifying its style. Once the style design is made, the dimensions will be transferred to patterns. Then, the adjustments will be made for sizes and stylistic preferences.

  • Cutting the Pattern Dimensions

The sections of the shirt are then cut to its pattern dimensions. The pieces include a tubed body, sleeves, front and back sections, and pockets if there are any.

  • Assembling the Front and Back Sections

After cutting the dimensions, the front and back sections will be stitched together. They are joined at the sides by seam lines to create a simple, superimposed seam, and then stitched together with an overedge stitch.

Extra care must be observed during this process to prevent the needle from cutting the fabric yarn, which can cause tears in the garment.

  • Fitting the Sleeves

The sleeve hems are commonly finished before they are put into the garment. The conveyor will move the sleeves to the sewing head using an automated system. If the t-shirt has a tubular body, the material of the sleeve is first sewn together, and then it is set into the garment.

On the other hand, if it is “cut and sewn,” the unseamed sleeve is put into place. In the final stage of sewing, the side seams and sleeve are sewn in one go.

  • Stitching the Hem

The garment hem is typically sewn using an overedge stitch, which results in a flexible hem. The stitch tension must be loose enough to allow the garment to stretch without damaging the fabric. Alternative styles of the hem include a combination of different edging finishing stitches.

  • Sewing the Pockets

Pockets may be included in the t-shirt if it is intended for casual wear. For a higher quality t-shirt, an interlining must be inserted into the pocket to keep its shape. This is done by inserting the interlining into the pocket as it is being sewn onto the front of the t-shirt.

Pockets may be placed into the garment using automated setters so the operator only needs to position the fabric pieces and the mechanical setter arranges the pocket. After this, the seam will be stitched.

  • Stitching the Seams

The shoulder seams generally need a simple superimposed seam. High-quality t-shirt manufacturers may bolster seams with elastic or tape. The seams highly depend on the t-shirt style. This will determine if the shoulder seams will be completed before or after the attachment of the neckband.

  • Attaching the Neckband

Attaching the neckband can take a lot of practice. If a crew neck shirt is being sewn, the circumference of the neck edge should be a little shorter than the outer edge. Thus, it will allow the neckband to be stretched just the perfect amount to avoid bulging.

Tubular neck bands are attached manually. The bands will be folded, wrong sides together, slightly stretched, and then aligned with the neckline. Then the superimposed seam will be stitched with an overedge stitch.

  • Setting the Label

Labels  are typically placed at the back of the neckline. Labels provide certain information such as the t-shirt size, name of the manufacturer, washing instructions, and fabric content. This is the last step before you design a t-shirt.

  • Designing the T-Shirt

A t-shirt design is one of its selling points. Usually, people buy what is appealing to them and what they think will look good on them. While quality is still the top priority, the design plays a key role in a person’s purchasing decision. This is why it is important to be creative if you are to design a t-shirt.

T-shirt design varies, ranging from prints to embroideries. But, people usually wear what reflects their interests and personality. Statement shirts are proven to be marketable among people who want to express themselves.


While there are various steps involved in the making of a t-shirt, it becomes worth it especially when it provides not just clothing but comfort to a person. Since clothing is a necessity, t-shirt manufacturers are advised to check the quality always. For brands, most especially, quality plays a key role in the success of the business. You do not want to harm your brand’s reputation due to a poorly manufactured garment.